SWUST 计算机图形学 实验四 球体Gouraud光照模型

#include <iostream>
#include <GL/glut.h>

/* -- - 常量-- - */
const int HEIGHT(800);
const int WIDTH(800);

void Display();
void Reshape(int w, int h);
void init();

int time(0);

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
    glutInit(&argc, argv);
    //glut初始化

    glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DOUBLE | GLUT_RGBA);
    //双缓存模式

    glutInitWindowSize(WIDTH, HEIGHT);
    glutInitWindowPosition(50, 100);
    //窗口初始化

    glClearColor(0, 0, 0, 1);
    //窗口颜色

    glutCreateWindow("Window - 3D");
    //窗口

    init();
    glutDisplayFunc(Display);
    glutReshapeFunc(Reshape);
    glutMainLoop();

    return 0;
}

void Display()
{
    glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
    glutSolidSphere(1.0, 300, 16);//半径,南北经线,纬线

    //双缓存使用glutSwapBuffers,但缓存glFlush
    glutSwapBuffers();
}

void Reshape(int w, int h)
{
    glViewport(0, 0, (GLsizei)w, (GLsizei)h);//使像素矩阵占据整个新窗口
    glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);//设置当前矩阵为投影矩阵
    glLoadIdentity();

    float nowRange = 1.5;
    GLfloat nRange = (GLfloat)nowRange;

    if (w <= h) //改变窗口大小,图形形状不变
        glOrtho(-nRange, nRange, -nRange * h / w, nRange * h / w, -nRange, nRange);
    else
        glOrtho(-nRange * w / h, nRange * w / h, -nRange, nRange, -nRange, nRange);

    glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);//模型矩阵,告诉我们当前矩阵
    glLoadIdentity();
}

void init()
{
    //光源light0
    GLfloat mat_specular[] = { 1.0,1.0,1.0,1.0 };
    GLfloat mat_shininess[] = { 128.0 };

    GLfloat light_position[] = { 1.0,1.0,1.0,0.0 };//1.0表示光源为点坐标x,y,z
    GLfloat white_light[] = { 1.0,1.0,1.0,1.0 };   //光源的颜色
    GLfloat lmodel_ambient[] = { 0.2,0.2,0.2,1.0 };//微弱环境光,使物体可见
    glClearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
    glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH);//GL_SMOOTH

    //glColorMaterial(GL_FRONT, GL_AMBIENT_AND_DIFFUSE);
    glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_SPECULAR, mat_specular);//指定当前材质属性 镜面反射颜色
    glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_SHININESS, mat_shininess); //镜面反射指数

    glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_POSITION, light_position);//光源编号-7,光源特性,参数数据
    glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_DIFFUSE, white_light);
    glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_SPECULAR, white_light);
    glLightModelfv(GL_LIGHT_MODEL_AMBIENT, lmodel_ambient); //指定全局的环境光,物体才能可见//*/

    glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);
    glEnable(GL_LIGHT0);
    glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
}